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About Ukraine

Ukrainian Flag

  • Independent from Soviet Russia since 24.08. 1991
  • Add 2 hours to GMT upon arrival
  • Official language is Ukrainian
  • Major religion is Ukrainian orthodox Christianity
  • Population is 48 million people
  • About 3 million live in the capital city Kiev
  • Ukraine is the biggest country of Europe (603,700 square km)
  • Ukraine is divided into 24 regions.
  • Borders: Poland, Russia, Belorussia, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova
  • Summer time one hour forward in March, winter one hour back in October
  • Big cities: Kharkov, Donetsk and Dnipropetrovsk, Odessa, Lvov, Yalta
  • Ukraine is a parliamentary country, current president  Viktor Yanukovich
  • Local currency is called Hryvnya (UAH) also spelled Hryvnia or Hryvna
  • Climate is continental, subtropical in southern parts at the Black Sea.
  • Kiev (Kyiv) is believed to have been founded around 482 A.D.

Oops! There seem to be more pickpockets lately out there. Ignore tricksters claiming you've dropped some money, trying to make you take out your wallet. Some, though dressed normally, will show you a fake police ID and demand to check your documents - do not show them anything and try to walk away or call someone on your phone. Ladies, watch your bags closely in crowded places - even in cafes and restaurants - have your belongings always in sight.

Ukrainian Habits

Ukrainians are generous, be ready to tour your friends' houses for dinners and drinks. Show good manners by taking off your shoes when you enter the house. You won't go wrong with bringing a small present as a thanks for inviting you. When you host a party and make a toast to thank your guests for coming, they might think it's time to leave so save that for the end. For heartbreakers - remember the ring is worn on right hand here and flowers are given in odd numbers!

The Chernobyl Disaster

The world's worst nuclear reactor disaster occurred at the Chernobyl Power Station in the USSR (now Ukraine) on April 26, 1986. Thirty-one people died at the time, and 28,200 sq. km.(10,900 sq. miles) of land and 1.7 million people were exposed to radiation. During a routine test, reactor number 4 was operating on very low power, which made it unstable due to the reactor’s design. A sudden surge of power resulted in two explosions, which wrecked the reactor core and blasted a hole in the roof of the power station. It's not known how many of the estimated 200,000 people involved in the clean-up operation died in the following the disaster, as no systematic records were kept.

Name of Ukrainian months and meanings:

No.English nameUkrainian nameTransliterationUkrainian meaning
1JanuaryСіченьSichen'month of dreadful ice
2FebruaryЛютийLiutyicruel or frosty
3MarchБерезеньBerezen'month of the bereza (birch)
4AprilКвітеньKviten'month of flowering
5MayТравеньTraven'month of grass
6JuneЧервеньCherven'month of the May bug
7JulyЛипеньLypen'month of the lipa (tilia)
8AugustСерпеньSerpen'month of the sickle
10OctoberЖовтеньZhovten'yellow month
11NovemberЛистопадLystopadmonth of falling leaves
12DecemberГруденьHruden'month of frozen clods

Category: English | Added by: SerijTerle (22.09.2011)
Views: 541 | Rating: 0.0/0
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